A huge inflow of migrants into the EU faced an imperfect labour market integration scheme: the EU Blue Card system. The system, introduced in 2009 (without Denmark, Ireland and the UK taking part) allows highly-skilled non-EU citizens to work and live in the EU. Yet, it has shown various flaws. For example, member states decide inidvidually on applications, so there is no permit valid for employment across the EU. Also, the thresholds for getting the card - salary, length of employment, etc. - are very restrictive.
In short, it was simply too difficult to actually get a Blue Card and only about 5.000 per year were issued - while there were more than 1.2 million asylum applications in the EU in 2015 (according to Eurostat).
Because your future pension might be paid by highly skilled migrants. Already now, the EU is lacking workers with specific skills in certain sectors. These labour shortages will worsen in the future, when the demographic change really kicks in. So attracting qualified and talented people from around the world might be in our interest to foster growth and innovation and stabilise social security systems. Also, easier and faster access to the labour market for refugees supports the integration of migrants who are already in the EU.
These are the main improvements to the current system from the legislative proposal by EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos:
Yet, a migrant applying for a Blue Card will still need to have a job contract or offer and he/she needs to prove that she/he is highly skilled (through education qualifications or professional experience).
*Example: The gross average wage in Germany in 2015 was 3612 €. Let's say Germany chooses to apply a salary threshold of 120%. In this case a migrant must have a work contract with a salary of at least (3612*1,2=) 4334,40€ in order to apply for a Blue Card.
The proposed system will allow for the effective management of authorised short-stays, increased automation at border-controls, and improved detection of document and identity fraud, according to the Commission.
The system will apply to all non-EU citizens who are admitted for a short stay in the Schengen area (maximum 90 days in any 180-day period).- See more at: http://www.novinite.com/articles/173907/EU+Proposes+Entry-Exit+System+to+Boost+Border+Control+Efficiency#sthash.ULiSguc8.dpuf
The file has been handed over to the Parliament's Civil Liberties and Home Affairs Committee, the rapporteur is Claude Moraes (S&D, UK). His report got adopted in June 2017, the Council agreed on a common position in July 2017. Trilogue negotiations will take plavce during the second half of 2017.
Better Checks of EU Citizens at External Borders
An Entry-Exit System for External European Borders
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